Surgical rhinoplasty began in ancient Egypt and ancient India. In India, it was developed by the ayurvedic physician Sushruta (c. 800 BC). Non-surgical rhinoplasty was a later development, with the history of non-surgical rhinoplasty occurring mainly in the 21st century.
Rhinoplasty modifies the functional properties and aesthetic appearance of the nose through operative manipulation of the skin, underlying cartilage, bone, and lining. … In open rhinoplasty, the surgeon makes a small incision in the columella between the nostrils and then makes additional incisions inside the nose.