Scars may be noticeable due to their size, shape or location. They can be raised or depressed. They may differ in color or texture from the healthy surrounding skin.
Types of Scars
Hypertrophic scars are raised. They are often thick and red and form right on the wound site. They can be hyperpigmented (dark) or hypopigmented (light).
Keloids are thick clusters of scar tissue. They grow much larger than the wound or incision that caused the scar. Keloid scarring can be painful or itchy. Keloids usually develop on the face, neck, ears, chest or shoulders. They are more common in people with dark skin.
Contracture scars restrict movement due to skin and underlying tissue that pull together during healing. They can occur when a large area of skin is lost, such as after a burn.
Treatment options vary based on the type and amount of scarring. Multiple treatments may be required. Procedures may be performed under local or general anesthesia.